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基于 CentOS 搭建 WordPress 个人博客(1)

LNMP环境 WaterBear 3年前 (2017-12-16) 219次浏览 已收录 扫描二维码

准备 LNMP 环境

  • 安装 Nginx

    使用 yum 安装 Nginx:

    yum install nginx -y

    修改 /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf,去除对 IPv6 地址的监听

    ,可参考下面的示例:

    default.conf

    修改完成后,启动 Nginx:

    nginx

    此时,可访问实验机器外网 HTTP 服务(http://139.199.167.67)来确认是否已经安装成功。

    将 Nginx 设置为开机自动启动:

    chkconfig nginx on

安装 MySQL

使用 yum 安装 MySQL:

yum install mysql-server -y

安装完成后,启动 MySQL 服务:

service mysqld restart

设置 MySQL 账户 root 密码:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'MyPas$word4Word_Press'

将 MySQL 设置为开机自动启动:

chkconfig mysqld on

安装 PHP

使用 yum 安装 PHP:

yum install php-fpm php-mysql -y

安装之后,启动 PHP-FPM 进程:

service php-fpm start

启动之后,可以使用下面的命令查看 PHP-FPM 进程监听哪个端口 

netstat -nlpt | grep php-fpm

把 PHP-FPM 也设置成开机自动启动:

chkconfig php-fpm on

安装并配置 WordPress

  • 安装 WordPress

    配置好 LNMP 环境后,继续使用 yum 来安装 WordPress:

    yum install wordpress -y

    安装完成后,就可以在 /usr/share/wordpress 看到 WordPress 的源代码了。

  • 配置数据库

    进入 MySQL:

    mysql -uroot --password='MyPas$word4Word_Press'

    为 WordPress 创建一个数据库:

    CREATE DATABASE wordpress;

    MySQL 部分设置完了,我们退出 MySQL 环境:

    exit

把上述的 DB 配置同步到 WordPress 的配置文件中,可参考下面的配置:

wp-config.php

<?php

/**

 * The base configuration for WordPress

 *

 * The wp-config.php creation script uses this file during the

 * installation. You don't have to use the web site, you can

 * copy this file to "wp-config.php" and fill in the values.

 *

 * This file contains the following configurations:

 *

 * * MySQL settings

 * * Secret keys

 * * Database table prefix

 * * ABSPATH

 *

 * @link https://codex.wordpress.org/Editing_wp-config.php

 *

 * @package WordPress

 */

// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //

/** The name of the database for WordPress */

define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress');

/** MySQL database username */

define('DB_USER', 'root');

/** MySQL database password */

define('DB_PASSWORD', 'MyPas$word4Word_Press');

/** MySQL hostname */

define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');

/** Database Charset to use in creating database tables. */

define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');

/** The Database Collate type. Don't change this if in doubt. */

define('DB_COLLATE', '');

/**#@+

 * Authentication Unique Keys and Salts.

 *

 * Change these to different unique phrases!

 * You can generate these using the {@link https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/ WordPress.org secret-key service}

 * You can change these at any point in time to invalidate all existing cookies. This will force all users to have to log in again.

 *

 * @since 2.6.0

 */

define('AUTH_KEY',         'put your unique phrase here');

define('SECURE_AUTH_KEY',  'put your unique phrase here');

define('LOGGED_IN_KEY',    'put your unique phrase here');

define('NONCE_KEY',        'put your unique phrase here');

define('AUTH_SALT',        'put your unique phrase here');

define('SECURE_AUTH_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here');

define('LOGGED_IN_SALT',   'put your unique phrase here');

define('NONCE_SALT',       'put your unique phrase here');

/**#@-*/

/**

 * WordPress Database Table prefix.

 *

 * You can have multiple installations in one database if you give each

 * a unique prefix. Only numbers, letters, and underscores please!

 */

$table_prefix  = 'wp_';

/**

 * See http://make.wordpress.org/core/2013/10/25/the-definitive-guide-to-disabling-auto-updates-in-wordpress-3-7

 */

/* Disable all file change, as RPM base installation are read-only */

define('DISALLOW_FILE_MODS', true);

/* Disable automatic updater, in case you want to allow

   above FILE_MODS for plugins, themes, ... */

define('AUTOMATIC_UPDATER_DISABLED', true);

/* Core update is always disabled, WP_AUTO_UPDATE_CORE value is ignore */

/**

 * For developers: WordPress debugging mode.

 *

 * Change this to true to enable the display of notices during development.

 * It is strongly recommended that plugin and theme developers use WP_DEBUG

 * in their development environments.

 *

 * For information on other constants that can be used for debugging,

 * visit the Codex.

 *

 * @link https://codex.wordpress.org/Debugging_in_WordPress

 */

define('WP_DEBUG', false);

/* That's all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */

/** Absolute path to the WordPress directory. */

if ( !defined('ABSPATH') )

    define('ABSPATH', '/usr/share/wordpress');

/** Sets up WordPress vars and included files. */

require_once(ABSPATH . 'wp-settings.php');

配置 Nginx

WordPress 已经安装完毕,我们配置 Nginx 把请求转发给 PHP-FPM 来处理

首先,重命名默认的配置文件:

cd /etc/nginx/conf.d/
mv default.conf defaut.conf.bak

在 /etc/nginx/conf.d 创建 wordpress.conf 配置,参考下面的内容:

wordpress.conf


server {

    listen 80;

    root /usr/share/wordpress;

    location / {

        index index.php index.html index.htm;

        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php index.php;

    }

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000

    location ~ .php$ {

        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;

        fastcgi_index  index.php;

        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

        include        fastcgi_params;

    }

}


配置后,通知 Nginx 进程重新加载:

nginx -s reload


准备域名和解析


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